Horace Langford Jr. / Pahrump Valley Times - John Bosta, at left, gives his opinion, seated next to Darrell Lacy, Nye County Water District general manager.
Private well owners in Pahrump Valley are getting organized.
First Former Pahrump Town Board member Frank Maurizio announced the formation of a Private Well Owners Cooperative of Nye County. Then county Commissioner Frank Carbone announced his intent to pass a resolution standing up for the rights of well owners. Then Basin 162 Groundwater Management Plan Advisory Committee member Walt Kuver talked up a bill draft submission to the state Legislature grandfathering the rights of well owners.
The mission statement of the well owners’ cooperative is to assist the individual well owner to ensure their right to draw two acre feet of water per year is protected. That’s 1,800 gallons per day.
“We are dedicated to protecting domestic well owners’ drinking water supply. We are dedicated to advancing good groundwater stewardship by raising awareness on a variety of groundwater issues that affect everyone with a private water supply. Also, well owners need to be aware of potential health problems and the need to test their water regularly and maintain their wells to safeguard their families’ drinking water,” the statement reads.
Maurizio said more than 30 people have joined the co-op during the first month. He said they hope to be able to hire a lobbyist to defend the rights of well owners in the upcoming session of the Nevada Legislature in 2015. Maurizio said the co-op is unique — one of only two in the U.S. that doesn’t maintain any infrastructure.
The co-op flier states: “It is more economically efficient to have these domestic well owner members of a cooperative utility to continue to provide their own water distribution because the infrastructure required to deliver the product, water, is very expensive to build and maintain for private utilities or governmental entities for a service the well owners already have paid for and provided.”
The co-op statement appears to address concerns well owners may be forced to hook up to a public or private utility system sometime in the future.
“The exempt purpose is as a water utility they may not be forced to abandon their wells by financing a community water system for a product, water, they already have provided. Each individual member is charged with the responsibility for the creation, maintenance, repairs for their domestic well, with compliance of the laws of the State of Nevada and the county in which the domestic well is located,” the group states.
A flier states a benefit of membership is a cooperative isn’t under the jurisdiction of the Public Utilities Commission, the State Attorney General’s Office or the consumer advocate.
Co-op vice-president John Bosta used his position on the Nye County Water District board to question the board’s legal authority to implement a voluntary program monitoring water usage in private wells. So far only eight people volunteered to have their wells metered, two of them are county commissioners and two are water board members. Water district general manager Darrell Lacy said the district attorney said it was clearly in their authority.
“Where would we not have the authority to do any volunteer program we wanted?” water board member Michael Lach asked at the last meeting on April 28. “The sole reason to meter a well is to find out water usage and our job as a board is to figure out how best to use the water resources in Nye County. How could finding out information not be in our rights to do?”
Bosta said the water board, which is funded by a $5 per parcel fee, was using public money and spending it in areas outside their authority. Lach said there is a problem of Pahrump Basin being over-appropriated for water.
“You’re coming at this from the standpoint that we’re going to put meters on everybody’s wells and then start charging them for water and then start taking this big government authority and come down and do that,” Lach said.
The $5 per parcel fee on 57,133 parcels will raise $285,665 for the Nye County Water District in the 2014-15 fiscal year budget. That combined with a beginning fund balance of $448,539 will allow a $720,871 budget in the coming year beginning July 1. The budget includes $153,165 for three staff members and contracted help, $46,717 in services and supplies, and $417,954 for ongoing programs. The ongoing programs budget includes $100,000 for water rights purchases, $50,000 for water level management, $11,500 for water metering and $10,000 for conservation programs.
“Here in this particular case there is a burden on domestic wells in this community; the domestic wells need to be protected underneath the state law, if someone makes an application for a water right the state engineer has to protect the domestic well from the municipal corporation or quasi-municipal infringing on that particular well,” Bosta said.
Meanwhile, during the last meeting of the Basin 162 Groundwater Management Plan Advisory Committee, Chairman Greg Hafen II was alarmed at a statement by Carbone at the last commissioner’s meeting about his intent to introduce a resolution in support of well owners at the next Pahrump meeting.
Hafen read the resolution which states: “The board is adamantly opposed to any groundwater strategy that involves voluntary or mandatory metering of domestic wells. The board is adamantly opposed to any groundwater conservation strategy that includes reduction of the allowable water usage per NRS 534. The board is adamantly opposed to any groundwater conservation strategy that involves capping domestic wells. The board is adamantly opposed to any groundwater conservation strategy that includes prohibiting the drilling of new domestic wells on property less than one acre in size. The board will oppose any future legislation intending to lower the use of legally established water by domestic wells.”
Hafen said, “I think this is kind of counterproductive to our committee. I think everyone needs to be involved in the conservation strategy of the groundwater basin and not limit it to everyone but domestic wells.”