83°F
weather icon Partly Cloudy

Construction techniques and bridge safety focus of Nevada effort

Combined accelerated bridge construction methods were proved safe and ready for real-world application following tests using massive shake tables in a world-renowned earthquake engineering laboratory in Nevada.

The tests in April subjected a 70-ton, two-span, 70-foot-long bridge to multiple earthquake simulations of approximately magnitude 7.5. The hydraulically driven tables, programmed to mimic the forces of an earthquake, tested six different kinds of bridge connections integrated into a single bridge.

Each individual connection had been previously tested on its own at the University of Nevada, Reno.

“The individual connection tests had given us very good results for each connection,” said Saiid Saiidi, principal investigator of the project, professor in civil and environmental engineering at the university and director of the Center for Advanced Technology in Bridges and Infrastructure.

“And for the first time, our study combined these connections in a single bridge which endured realistically strong earthquakes. We knew that going into this that our individual positive tests did not inherently mean that all of the connections would work together, making this a necessary test.”

Together, Saiidi and his team of College of Engineering doctoral fellows, doctoral candidates, graduate and undergraduate assistants, were looking for two specific outcomes: of the six connections, four were designed to be undamaged, even during strong earthquakes, and two were designed to undertake a controlled amount of damage to serve as a fuse, to absorb the forces of the earthquake by breaking.

“Along with avoiding collapse, the outcome of our study showed that all of the six connections performed as expected,” Saiidi said. “It will be a few months before we can evaluate data from the 280 sensors that we had in the bridge to get more insight about the connections – including transducers, accelerometers, potentiometers, string potentiometers and strain gauges all to record the forces the connections experienced – but we are now confident to recommend these connections for application in real bridges.”

The shake-tables started with movements at 150 percent of the simulated earthquake magnitude, and each subsequent test ramped-up the movement by 25 percent. The simulated earthquake mimicked the large ground motions of the deadly and damaging 1994 Northridge, California earthquake. Ultimately, the goal was to prove the connections were ready to be a part of the expedited bridge construction techniques and help provide earthquake safeguards.

“I was very pleased with what we learned,” Saiidi said. “Not only do we have a better understanding of how the connections work together, but we have the data now to see how they react under extreme, off-the-charts conditions, meaning we can prepare for more than what is expected.”

Bridge construction techniques, safety

The study was part of the University Transportation Center on Accelerated Bridge Construction, project, known as ABC-UTC, which is funded by the United States Department of Transportation. The Transportation Center is led by Florida International University in collaboration with the University of Nevada, Reno and Iowa State University.

“There are many aspects of bridge construction and safety that ABC-UTC is researching, such as ease of construction and durability of joints,” Saiidi said. “The University of Nevada, Reno is part of the seismic performance portion of ABC-UTC-Seismic, which is the most critical aspect when it comes to bridge connections.”

The specific mission of ABC-UTC-Seismic, the project being led by the University of Nevada, Reno, is to develop earthquake-resistant precast bridge components and systems and transform research data into seismic design guidelines to help expand the utilization of accelerated bridge construction methods in moderate and high seismic zones.

The University’s Earthquake Engineering Laboratory combined with the Large-Scale Structures Laboratory, are the biggest, most versatile large-scale structures and earthquake/seismic engineering facilities in the United States, according to the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

This allows Saiidi and ABC-UTC-Seismic to obtain research data and results in order to create the models they need to add to accelerated bridge construction methods and provide safety guidelines as building techniques evolve.

“These are the roots for what ACB-UTC itself and its seismic studies will use in the future of bridge construction and development, and it’s very important that it’s being done at the University because we have the ability to test beyond regular constraints,” Saiidi said.

As well as creating the project’s base guidelines and practices, Saiidi and the University are also a part of transitioning the collective knowledge of ABC-UTC-Seismic into an educational environment. The Seismic project includes the involvement of University of Nevada, Reno post-doctoral fellows, doctoral students, MS students and undergraduate student working to develop course modules on earthquake engineering techniques.

ABC-UTC also sponsors technical sessions at national and international conferences, presents research results at these meetings and disseminates the most recent findings to relevant Transportation Research Board and American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials committees.

Don't miss the big stories. Like us on Facebook.
THE LATEST
Face mask backers urge Board of Regents to make them mandatory for all

Proponents of face masks on college campuses this fall on Friday urged the Nevada Board of Regents to go beyond a mandate for employees OK’d by the Clark County Commission.

Adam Sullivan confirmed as Nevada State Engineer

After serving as “acting” Nevada state engineer and administrator of the Nevada Division of Water Resources (NDWR) for the past seven months, Adam Sullivan has now been confirmed in those positions, with his official appointment reported in a press release issued Tuesday, July 20.

Pahrump Back to School Fair set for July 31

It is once again that time of year when parents and students must turn their thoughts to the coming school term and begin preparing for another nine months of academic endeavors. With the 2021-2022 school year set to begin on Tuesday, August 10 in Nye County, in an effort to help ensure that area families are ready to send their children back to the classroom, be it virtual or in person, the NyE Communities Coalition is now gearing up for its annual Back to School Fair.

Nye County opposing NASA land proposal

In Nevada, mining is a major industry, bringing in millions of dollars in taxes every year and employing thousands of workers in high-paying positions that help support the local economy but much of the mining operations in the Silver State rely on access to federally controlled lands.

Pahrump Lions take audiences on emotional journey with “Love Letters”

It was an emotional roller-coaster ride of a weekend for audiences at Sanders Family Winery, who were treated to two nights of theatrical entertainment from the Pahrump Valley Lions Club with the A.R. Gurney play “Love Letters”.

Suspect arrested after armed standoff

At least three Nye County Sheriff’s Office deputies are recovering from minor injuries after a tense standoff with an armed suspect.

Conversations with Nevada AG Ford continues

Some of the country’s most vulnerable populations are children and the elderly and it is just these populations that will be the subject of the next segment in a series of public outreach sessions from the Nevada Attorney General’s Office, which will continue its Conversations with AG Ford initiative this coming Wednesday.

 
Nevada riding hot streak of record gaming numbers. But will it last?

The statewide gaming win topped $1 billion for March, April and May — with May setting an all-time monthly high as casinos brought in $1.23 billion. COVID-19, however, remains a concern.