46°F
weather icon Clear

Nevada sets bar lower for 11th-graders taking ACT

Nevada high school students taking the required ACT exam will be considered proficient starting this fall if they reach a threshold that’s lower than the national standard set by the test creators.

The State Board of Education recently signed off on the “cut scores” that will be used to determine whether students have demonstrated sufficient mastery of math and English on the test. The board decided to divide student test scores into four different categories, with the highest two — Levels 3 and 4 — being considered proficient or passing grades.

ACT doesn’t set cut scores the same way, instead using what its creators call benchmarks. Students receive scores out of 36 maximum points in different subjects, and then those are averaged to a final composite score. Nevada only set cut scores for math and English, but the ACT gives scores in reading, science, writing and English language arts.

In math, students who score a 22 or higher have a 50 percent chance of earning a “B” or higher in college math courses, according to the ACT’s creators. In English, the benchmark is 18.

But Nevada will set the bar a bit lower, with students who score a 20 or higher considered proficient in math and those who achieve a 17 or higher considered proficient in English.

Impact on star ratings

The board’s decision won’t mean much if anything for students, who are required to take the test in 11th grade but don’t need to pass it to graduate. But it will have big implications in the system the board is developing to measure high schools’ achievement rankings.

The percentage of a school’s students considered proficient on the ACT will be one factor used to establish schools’ star ratings, the five-tier scale that Nevada will use to measure school progress and compare schools against one another. Five-star schools are considered to be exceeding expectations, while one-star schools are seen as failing to provide students with a quality education.

Clark County officials took issue with the use of the ACT test as a factor in the rankings, arguing that it is intended to project how students may fare in college-level courses rather than measuring whether they have mastered the material they’ve been taught.

Rebecca Meyer, who works in the district’s assessment department, suggested that students who score in the Level 2 zone also considered proficient because of that disconnect.

“That way schools would not be penalized,” she said.

The board rejected the suggestion.

Stagnant scores

For the last three years, Nevada’s scores on the ACT have remained flat, much to the frustration of State Superintendent of Instruction Steve Canavero.

“I fundamentally reject that those challenges are unique or different than challenges facing other states who have achieved these benchmarks or higher. Our kids are capable,” he said last summer, when it was revealed the average ACT scores hadn’t budged in three years.

The state average composite came in at 17.4 of the possible 36 points last year, with Clark County students coming in slightly under that average at 17.2. Only 10 percent of all Nevada students scored above the ACT benchmark in all categories. Sixty percent of students who took the test didn’t meet a benchmark in a single category.

In English, Nevada students scored 16.1, which is under the proficiency set by the state board on July 26. In math, they averaged a 17.6, also lower than the proficiency mark set by the board.

New star ratings were issued in 2017 for elementary and middle schools for the first time in three years because of an issue with the testing data. Between 2014 and 2017, the state also changed the formula for how schools were measured, effectively making it harder to reach the higher levels.

High schools were not issued star ratings, however, as officials were still tinkering with the correct way to measure success, including how much weight to give to various components like the ACT.

Star ratings serve as an easy comparison for school officials, parents and the public. Star ratings also have implications for certain types of state funding.

New star ratings for all schools are expected in September.

Contact Meghin Delaney at 702-383-0281 or mdelaney@reviewjournal.com. Follow @MeghinDelaney on Twitter.

Don't miss the big stories. Like us on Facebook.
THE LATEST
Sisolak expands directive mandating social distancing

Golf courses, showrooms and in-home styling services have been shut down under Gov. Steve Sisolak’s expanded social distancing directive announced Wednesday.

Pahrump Senior Center announces changes

The Pahrump Senior Center has made a few operational modifications until the facility is able to reopen, after closing its doors due to the COVID-19 virus outbreak.

Locals take part in drive-up food distribution

Scores upon scores of vehicles were lined up on Monday, April 6, as individuals and families took advantage of a one-day food distribution program at New Hope Fellowship’s Path of Hope Ministry, located at 781 West St.

Nye County prepped for COVID-19

During a special teleconference meeting of the Nye County Commission on Friday, April 3, the first held by that body since the new coronavirus struck the county, Nye County Emergency Management Director Scott Lewis kicked things off with an overview of the county’s COVID-19 response and the task force that has been assembled to lead that response.

Nevada Realtors responds to eviction moratorium

The Nevada Realtors, a professional trade association, released a statement in support of Gov. Steve Sisolak’s move to creat an eviction moratorium in Nevada.

New website will help older Nevadans deal with coronavirus

The state Aging and Disability Services Division has set up a new website to help senior Nevadans and their caregivers find resources in the face of the COVID-19 epidemic.