Drug overdoses are on the rise in Nevada and state officials are striving to raise awareness about treatment options as well as the potentially life-saving medication Naloxone, which can be used to help reverse the effects of an opioid overdose.
“The Nevada State Unintentional Drug Overdose Reporting System reported that the rate of accidental drug overdose deaths among Nevadans has seen a 20% increase from January 2020 to June 2021,” a news release from the Nevada Division of Public and Behavioral Health stated. “This report showed that two-thirds of the deaths involved an opioid, over half of the deaths involved a stimulant such as methamphetamine or cocaine, and a quarter of the deaths involved an opioid and stimulant together.”
According to the Nevada Overdose Surveillance April Statewide Report, drug-related emergency room visit rates increased by 12% from February to March of this year. Between the same time period, suspected opioid-related emergency visit rates rose even more, by 21%, and the opioid prescription rate per 100 residents jumped 15%.
In March alone, there were 748 suspected drug overdoses and for the period of January to March, that figure comes to 2,132. For 2021, there were a total of 8,648 suspected drug overdoses reported.
“Overdose deaths in Nevada continue to climb,” said Elyse Monroy, Nevada Overdose to Action Program Manager with the University of Nevada, Reno. “And the state’s SUDORS data tells us that some of the people who unintentionally died by overdose in 2021 may have had a missed intervention point. Overdosing doesn’t have to be fatal.”
Seeking treatment for substance abuse or mental health issues is obviously a key part of the solution, with Monroy remarking, “Access to treatment services and harm reduction supports can help curb overdose fatalities.”
To aid Nevadans in finding these services, the DPBH has a website available, TreatmentConnection.com. This website has an easy-to-use, confidential search function to identify treatment options near the person seeking them, as well as information on different types of treatment and an interactive assessment that can give people an idea of which type might be best for them.
Outside of treatment, Naloxone is also a powerful tool to combat overdose deaths.
Naloxone is an “opioid antagonist” that is used to combat an opioid overdose. “This means that it attaches to opioid receptors and reverses and blocks the effects of other opioids,” informs the National Institute on Drug Abuse. “Naloxone can quickly restore normal breathing to a person if their breathing has slowed or stopped because of an opioid overdose.”
Opioids include an array of drugs, from illegal heroin and synthetic versions such as fentanyl to pain medications commonly prescribed by physicians, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, morphine and more.
“This medication is safe to use in the case of a suspected overdose and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration,” the release noted.
Naloxone is available statewide, without the need for a prescription and at no cost. Nevadans can simply find a location that provides the medication and have it on hand in case they or someone they know experiences an overdose. Thanks to the Nevada Good Samaritan Drug Overdose Act of 2015, those seeking medical treatment for themselves and bystanders lending emergency assistance to someone who may be overdosing no longer need to fear prosecution.
For more information about Naloxone, where to find it and how to administer it visit NVOpioidResponse.org
Contact reporter Robin Hebrock at firstname.lastname@example.org
Addiction treatment resources
Nevadans are encouraged to reach out to the following resources if they are looking for Naloxone or treatment services:
- Crisis Support Services of Nevada – Call 800-273-8255 or text CARE to 839863
- NAMI Peer Support Warm Line – Call 775-241-4212
- National Drug Helpline – Call 844-289-0879